What Altitude is Everest Base Camp Trek?

What Altitude is Everest Base Camp Trek?

What Altitude is Everest Base Camp Trek? The EBC Trek is an iconic and most popular trekking destination in Nepal. Located in the Khumbu region of Nepal, the trek’s highest point is 5545 meters, Kala Patthar. Upon reaching there, you will stand at the foot of the world’s highest mountain, Mount Everest. You will see the stunning views of some snow-capped mountains, such as Cho Oyo, Lhotse, Nuptse, Pumori, and Ama Dablam.

Besides the trek’s natural beauty, it is also popular for its rich cultural immersion. You can witness the culture and tradition of the Sherpa people and their way of life. Also, passing through some remote villages and staying in the teahouses, you will have the best chance to experience their daily way of life. The trek’s cultural and natural beauty has attracted over 1000 customers annually.

If you are trekking to the Everest Base Camp Trek, it is very important to understand the importance of altitude. The air and oxygen levels are thin at around 5,364 meters (17,598 feet). The higher altitude can cause altitude sickness with symptoms like headaches, nausea, and dizziness. If you plan on trekking to EBC, you can consider us. We are a government-certified company.

Highlights on What Altitude is Everest Base Camp Trek?

  • Enjoy panoramic views of the world’s highest peaks, including Mount Everest, Lhotse, and Ama Dablam.
  • Trek through this UNESCO World Heritage site, home to diverse flora and fauna.
  • Experience the unique culture and hospitality of the Sherpa people in villages like Namche Bazaar and Tengboche.
  • Visit one of the most important Buddhist monasteries in the region, set against a stunning mountain backdrop.
  • Acclimatize in this vibrant market town, a central hub for trekkers and the local Sherpa community.
  • Witness the impressive Khumbu Glacier and the treacherous Khumbu Icefall near Everest Base Camp.
  • Climb this famous viewpoint for a breathtaking close-up view of Mount Everest.
  • Reach the iconic Base Camp and feel the achievement of standing at the foot of the world’s tallest mountain.
Everest base camp

The Everest Base Camp Elevation Gain

Everest Base Camp is at an altitude of about 5,364 meters (17,598 feet) above sea level. The trek’s highest point is Kala Patthar, which is around 5,545 meters (18,192 feet). This viewpoint offers stunning close-up views of Mount Everest. The trek usually starts from Lukla, where the elevation is about 2,860 meters (9,383 feet). Starting at this lower altitude helps trekkers gradually adjust to the higher elevations.

Starting from Lukla, we will traverse through dense rhododendrons and pine forests, soaking in the sights and sounds of Sherpa villages like Namche Bazaar. As we ascend higher, we will experience the changing environment. Throughout our adventure, we will cross thrilling suspension bridges spanning deep valleys and acclimatize in villages such as Dingboche and Gorak Shep to adjust to the increasing altitude.

As we approach, we will face the final ascent. We will pass through rugged paths and marvel at the towering peaks surrounding us. Standing at the base camp, we will be filled with accomplishment and wonder. We will gaze upon Mount Everest and the Khumbu Glacier, knowing we have reached one of the world’s most renowned destinations for mountaineers and adventurers.

Comparisons With Other Altitudes Gain

Here, we compare two different trekking destinations in Nepal. It provides insights into their varying terrain and challenges. The Annapurna Base Camp trek takes about 4,130 meters (13,550 feet), slightly lower than Everest Base Camp. It’s still high enough to feel the thin air, so acclimatization is key. This trek offers you with stunning views of the Annapurna peaks. Taking this trail, you will pass through lush forests and diverse landscapes.

On the other hand, the Langtang Valley Trek sits at around 3,900 meters (12,800 feet). It’s loved for its easy access from Kathmandu and its rich culture, which the Tamang people call home. Though not as high as Everest or Annapurna, Langtang Valley has challenges like rugged trails and altitude adjustments. But the rewards are immense. You will see sweeping vistas of Langtang Lirung and the tranquil beauty of Langtang National Park.

TrekEverest Base Camp TrekAnnapurna Base Camp TrekLangtang Valley Trek
Highest PointKala PattharAnnapurna Base CampTseri Ri
Altitude (meters)554541304982
Altitude (feet)181921355016352

Effects of High Altitude

When you go to high altitudes, the air gets thinner. This means there is less oxygen available to breathe. This can cause some problems called altitude sickness. Acute mountain sickness is one type of altitude sickness. You may get symptoms like headache, tiredness, dizziness, nausea, or vomiting with acute mountain sickness. You may also lose your appetite and have trouble sleeping. These happen because your body is not getting enough oxygen.

effect of high altitude

Mild cases of acute mountain sickness usually get better if you rest for a day or two at that altitude. This lets your body adjust to the thinner air. If symptoms worsen instead of better, you must go down to a lower altitude quickly. More severe altitude sickness is dangerous and even life-threatening if ignored. Other high-altitude effects include shortness of breath during exercise, disturbed sleep, and general fatigue.

Variations in Altitude

The North and South Base Camps of Mount Everest have distinct differences. The North Base Camp is in Tibet, on the mountain’s northern side, at about 5,150 meters (16,900 feet) above sea level. In comparison, the South Base Camp sits on the southern side of Nepal at approximately 5,364 meters (17,600 feet), making it about 200 meters (650 feet) higher. Getting to the North Base Camp is tougher, involving travel across dry, remote areas in Tibet. On the other hand, reaching the South Base Camp in Nepal is somewhat easier due to better transportation options.

Additionally, the routes to climb Everest differ significantly. From the North Base Camp, climbers take a more direct route up the North Col and Northeast Ridge. Meanwhile, the South Col route from Nepal involves navigating the hazardous Khumbu Icefall first. Weather conditions vary, too. The North Base Camp faces harsher winters with severe cold and strong winds, whereas the South Base Camp benefits from milder weather on its sunnier southern exposure.

How Can You Prevent Yourself From Altitude Sickness

Preventing altitude sickness involves several key steps to help your body adjust gradually to higher elevations:

Ascend Gradually: Take your time to climb higher. Ascend no more than 300-500 meters (about 1,000-1,600 feet) per day once above 3,000 meters (about 10,000 feet).

Stay Hydrated: Drink fluids, at least 3-4 liters of water per day, to prevent dehydration, which can worsen altitude sickness.

Proper Acclimatization: Plan rest days during your trek to allow your body to acclimate to the altitude. Climbing high during the day and sleeping at a lower altitude can also aid acclimatization.

Eat Well: Maintain a balanced diet rich in carbohydrates and easy-to-digest foods. Avoid heavy meals and alcohol, which can impair acclimatization.

Medication: Consider medications like acetazolamide (Diamox) under medical advice. It will help you prevent symptoms of altitude sickness.

Recognize Symptoms: Be aware of symptoms like headache, nausea, dizziness, and fatigue. If you experience these, descend to a lower altitude until symptoms improve.

Respect Limits: Know your physical limits and listen to your body. Don’t push yourself too hard, especially if you feel unwell at higher elevations.


Reaching Everest Base Camp at over 5,300 meters is a big achievement. The trek to Base Camp is tough, pushing you to get used to the thin air at high altitudes. However, going for EBC, you can face altitude sickness, cold, and rough terrain. Despite these difficulties, reaching Base Camp can be a huge achievement. You can witness the beautiful Himalayas views and surrounding mountains upon reaching there. Thus, going for EBC can be your best choice for trekking to Nepal.


How difficult is the Everest Base Camp trek?

The EBC trek is very challenging due to the high altitudes involved. It requires excellent physical fitness and acclimatization to prevent altitude sickness. The trek involves long days of strenuous uphill hiking.

How long does it take to complete the Everest Base Camp trek?

Most people take 12-15 days to trek to EBC and back. This allows for proper acclimatization and rest days. Some very fit trekkers may complete it faster in 10-12 days.

What is the highest altitude reached on the Everest Base Camp trek?

Everest Base Camp itself is at an altitude of 5,364 meters (17,598 feet) above sea level. Some trekkers also climb Kala Patthar at 5,545 meters for the best views of Everest.

When is the best time to do the Everest Base Camp trek?

The best trekking seasons are Spring (March-May) and Autumn (September-November), when the weather is generally clear and dry. Winters are cold, while monsoon summers bring heavy rain.

Do I need a guide for the Everest Base Camp trek?

While not legally required, most trekkers hire a local guide for safety and logistical reasons. Guides are very experienced with the routes and effects of altitude.

Puru Founder of My Everest Trip

Puru Thapaliya

My name is Puru (Purushottam Thapaliya). Since completing the Government Guide Training from Nepal’s Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation (KEEP and HRA), I have been a specialist in mountain trekking and peak climbing. With specific expertise in the Nepal, Tibet, and Bhutan regions, I have now been a trekking guide and tour operator in Nepal, and across the Himalayas, since 2012.